How IASTM can improve Hamstring Flexibility


Background: Muscle tightness may be a common impact of aging caused because of cross-linking of fibers. The joints become stiffer and less flexible as we tend to age. The cartilage could begin to rub along and wear away with time. Hamstring muscle is one of the common muscles found to be tight in an individual and is the potential cause for low back issues altering the lumbopelvic rhythm in them. Flexibility may be hindered for a number of reasons, one of which is fascia restrictions. M2T blade is a new Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) new tool that enables clinicians to assess, detect, and treat individuals diagnosed with scar tissue, adhesions, and soft tissue dysfunction. Various studies have compared numerous techniques to see which technique is best for increasing joint range of motion (ROM). However, there is dearth of literature on use of IASTM on hamstring tightness in elderly.


Method: 12 subjects aged 65-75 years with hamstring tightness were assessed and treated with the M2T blade. Outcome measures used were Passive Knee Extension (PKE) and Sit and Reach Test (SRT) that was measured before and after the intervention.
Result: Statistical analysis showed that hamstring flexibility significantly improved post treatment using M2T blade. Independent sample t test was used for comparison of pre-post data. Level of significance was set at 5%.
Conclusion: Statistically significant difference was noted in pre-post data of SLR and PKE with the use of M2T blade on hamstring flexibility in elderly.